base58加密解密:

var ALPHABET = '123456789ABCDEFGHJKLMNPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijkmnopqrstuvwxyz'
var ALPHABET_MAP = {}
for(var i = 0; i < ALPHABET.length; i++) {
  ALPHABET_MAP[ALPHABET.charAt(i)] = i
}
var BASE = 58

function encode(buffer) {
  if (buffer.length === 0) return ''

  var i, j, digits = [0]
  for (i = 0; i < buffer.length; i++) {
    for (j = 0; j < digits.length; j++) digits[j] <<= 8

    digits[0] += buffer[i]

    var carry = 0
    for (j = 0; j < digits.length; ++j) {
      digits[j] += carry

      carry = (digits[j] / BASE) | 0
      digits[j] %= BASE
    }

    while (carry) {
      digits.push(carry % BASE)

      carry = (carry / BASE) | 0
    }
  }

  // deal with leading zeros
  for (i = 0; buffer[i] === 0 && i < buffer.length - 1; i++) digits.push(0)

  return digits.reverse().map(function(digit) { return ALPHABET[digit] }).join('')
}

function decode(string) {
  if (string.length === 0) return []

  var i, j, bytes = [0]
  for (i = 0; i < string.length; i++) {
    var c = string[i]
    if (!(c in ALPHABET_MAP)) throw new Error('Non-base58 character')

    for (j = 0; j < bytes.length; j++) bytes[j] *= BASE
    bytes[0] += ALPHABET_MAP[c]

    var carry = 0
    for (j = 0; j < bytes.length; ++j) {
      bytes[j] += carry

      carry = bytes[j] >> 8
      bytes[j] &= 0xff
    }

    while (carry) {
      bytes.push(carry & 0xff)

      carry >>= 8
    }
  }

  // deal with leading zeros
  for (i = 0; string[i] === '1' && i < string.length - 1; i++) bytes.push(0)

  return bytes.reverse()
}

encode(buffer)//加密
decode(string)//解密


字符串转二进制数组:

function stringToBytes(str) {
      var ch, st, re = [];
      for (var i = 0; i < str.length; i++) {
        ch = str.charCodeAt(i);  // get char  
        st = [];                 // set up "stack"  

        do {
          st.push(ch & 0xFF);  // push byte to stack  
          ch = ch >> 8;          // shift value down by 1 byte  
        }

        while (ch);
        // add stack contents to result  
        // done because chars have "wrong" endianness  
        re = re.concat(st.reverse());
      }
      // return an array of bytes  
      return re;
}

stringToBytes(str)


ascii码转字符:

String.fromCharCode(number)


Hash sha256加密输出ascii字符:

function sha256(ascii) {
      function rightRotate(value, amount) {
        return (value >>> amount) | (value << (32 - amount));
      };

      var mathPow = Math.pow;
      var maxWord = mathPow(2, 32);
      var lengthProperty = 'length'
      var i, j; // Used as a counter across the whole file
      var result = ''

      var words = [];
      var asciiBitLength = ascii[lengthProperty] * 8;

      //* caching results is optional - remove/add slash from front of this line to toggle
      // Initial hash value: first 32 bits of the fractional parts of the square roots of the first 8 primes
      // (we actually calculate the first 64, but extra values are just ignored)
      var hash = sha256.h = sha256.h || [];
      // Round constants: first 32 bits of the fractional parts of the cube roots of the first 64 primes
      var k = sha256.k = sha256.k || [];
      var primeCounter = k[lengthProperty];
      /*/
      var hash = [], k = [];
      var primeCounter = 0;
      //*/

      var isComposite = {};
      for (var candidate = 2; primeCounter < 64; candidate++) {
        if (!isComposite[candidate]) {
          for (i = 0; i < 313; i += candidate) {
            isComposite[i] = candidate;
          }
          hash[primeCounter] = (mathPow(candidate, .5) * maxWord) | 0;
          k[primeCounter++] = (mathPow(candidate, 1 / 3) * maxWord) | 0;
        }
      }

      ascii += '\x80' // Append Ƈ' bit (plus zero padding)
      while (ascii[lengthProperty] % 64 - 56) ascii += '\x00' // More zero padding
      for (i = 0; i < ascii[lengthProperty]; i++) {
        j = ascii.charCodeAt(i);
        if (j >> 8) return; // ASCII check: only accept characters in range 0-255
        words[i >> 2] |= j << ((3 - i) % 4) * 8;
      }
      words[words[lengthProperty]] = ((asciiBitLength / maxWord) | 0);
      words[words[lengthProperty]] = (asciiBitLength)

      // process each chunk
      for (j = 0; j < words[lengthProperty];) {
        var w = words.slice(j, j += 16); // The message is expanded into 64 words as part of the iteration
        var oldHash = hash;
        // This is now the undefinedworking hash", often labelled as variables a...g
        // (we have to truncate as well, otherwise extra entries at the end accumulate
        hash = hash.slice(0, 8);

        for (i = 0; i < 64; i++) {
          var i2 = i + j;
          // Expand the message into 64 words
          // Used below if 
          var w15 = w[i - 15], w2 = w[i - 2];

          // Iterate
          var a = hash[0], e = hash[4];
          var temp1 = hash[7]
            + (rightRotate(e, 6) ^ rightRotate(e, 11) ^ rightRotate(e, 25)) // S1
            + ((e & hash[5]) ^ ((~e) & hash[6])) // ch
            + k[i]
            // Expand the message schedule if needed
            + (w[i] = (i < 16) ? w[i] : (
              w[i - 16]
              + (rightRotate(w15, 7) ^ rightRotate(w15, 18) ^ (w15 >>> 3)) // s0
              + w[i - 7]
              + (rightRotate(w2, 17) ^ rightRotate(w2, 19) ^ (w2 >>> 10)) // s1
            ) | 0
            );
          // This is only used once, so *could* be moved below, but it only saves 4 bytes and makes things unreadble
          var temp2 = (rightRotate(a, 2) ^ rightRotate(a, 13) ^ rightRotate(a, 22)) // S0
            + ((a & hash[1]) ^ (a & hash[2]) ^ (hash[1] & hash[2])); // maj

          hash = [(temp1 + temp2) | 0].concat(hash); // We don't bother trimming off the extra ones, they're harmless as long as we're truncating when we do the slice()
          hash[4] = (hash[4] + temp1) | 0;
        }

        for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
          hash[i] = (hash[i] + oldHash[i]) | 0;
        }
      }
      var resultArr = new Array;
      for (i = 0; i < 8; i++) {
        for (j = 3; j + 1; j--) {
          var b = (hash[i] >> (j * 8)) & 255;
          resultArr.push(b);
        }
      }
      var resultAscii = '';
      for (i = 0; i < resultArr.length;i++){
        resultAscii += String.fromCharCode(resultArr[i]);
      }
      console.log(resultAscii);
      return resultAscii;
    },
    stringToBytes:function(str) {
      var ch, st, re = [];
      for (var i = 0; i < str.length; i++) {
        ch = str.charCodeAt(i);  // get char  
        st = [];                 // set up "stack"  

        do {
          st.push(ch & 0xFF);  // push byte to stack  
          ch = ch >> 8;          // shift value down by 1 byte  
        }

        while (ch);
        // add stack contents to result  
        // done because chars have "wrong" endianness  
        re = re.concat(st.reverse());
      }
      // return an array of bytes  
      return re;
}

sha256(str)


base64转二进制数组见:https://www.wikimoe.com/?post=107